Gonu is an early form of Go or Korean Chess. People play the game by drawing a game board on the floor or wooden pillow and moving the pieces. The forms of the game board and playing methods are various and people have enjoyed this game for many generations. Regardless of the place to play or a player¡¯s age, anyone can play and it is useful for developing one¡¯s intelligence.
Gonu has been called differently according to the region: Gonu, Goni, Ggoni (Gyeonggi province), Ggon, Ggonu(Jeonlla province), Ggon (Gyeongsang province) and Ggonjja (Jeju island)¡¯.
However, the most common name is Gonu or Jigi (ò¢Ñ³) in Chinese characters. It also undervalued by referring to it as Korean Chess on the ground, DangJanggi refers to the fact that people played this game on the ground.
It is a traditional holiday dancing game for the women living along the southern coast of Jeollanamdo and nearby islands. Usually, on the night of Chosuk, women do a circle dance while holding hands and sing a song which has the chorus ¡°Ganggangsulae.¡± It is representative of traditional women¡¯s ceremonial play during which a song, dance and playing are seemingly well choreographed.
¡®Connecting Cheongoae, Moonjigi and Cutting Gosari are enjoyed along with Ganggangsulae. Traditionally, it was performed during Chusok but in some regions, Ganggangsulae is not only performed on the night of ¡®the day of the first full moon¡¯ but at any time of the year when the moon is bright regardless of seasons. Currently Haenam and Jindo regions still hold strong to this cultural pasttime and the intrinsic cultural value of the dance has been preserved by designating Ganggangsulae as intangible Cultural Treasure No. 8.
It is a traditional martial sport from Chilseok-dong, Gwangsan-gu, Gwangju, the so called Ochdol Village. It is played similarly to a tug-of-war. It is a ceremonial game usually played from January 10th to February 1st in lunar calendar. However, it should not be confused with the modern or western version of tug-of-war. The word ¡®Go¡¯ in ¡®Go Fight¡¯ means making a circle by stretching a long strip of cloth. ¡®Go Fight¡¯ was named because two ¡®Go¡¯s fight each other.
Gongi is a traditional game for girls. The play is similar to that of the western game ¡°jacks¡±. The playing pieces consist of five small stones that are tossed into the air, the remainder picked from the ground and the tossed stones caught by the player according to a system of rules. The game can be played by any number of girls wishing to pit their skills. It has been played for many generations across the nation. It is also known by different names in different regions. In Gyeongbuk province it is called Ggagaebakgi or Ggagubakgi; in Gyeongnam province, Salgubakgi; in Jeonnam province the game is Dakjjackgaeri; Pyeongando province calls it Jogaejil or Joajil and in Seodo province, it is named Joadoligi, Jagalchaegi, Joalchaegi or Joaljapgi. In addition, the game is known by many other names in other provinces: Jasaejapgi, Gongaenori, Gonggijapgi, Gonggijupgi and Dolnori but the most usual one is Gongginori and in Chinese characters, it is written as Gonggi (ÍóÑ³) or Seokyou (à´ë´). The playing rules often differ slightly from region to region reflecting the character of the diverse regions of Korea.
Gooseulchigi is a boy¡¯s game played with marbles. A variety of different variations can be played just as in western marbles. The play generally involves striking a target with a marble or shooting a marble into a hole. Play can also involve players simply guessing if the opponent is holding an odd or even number of marbles, or guessing the total. The game has been played nationwide for many generations and has been called by the alternative names: Alchigi Ggolrangchigi or Gooseulttagi, but the usual name is ¡®Gooseulchigi¡¯.
This form of play is a celebration of youth signifying strength, high tension, agility and excitement. It is a played by one or two people on a swing that moves back and forth. The swing is a set up connecting two strips to large columns. It was very popular in the past and has become an icon, played on Dano (the fifth day of the fifth month of the year according to the lunar calendar) along with the men¡¯s game, Ssireum(Korean wrestling). Geunettuigi is also known as Geundae, Gundae, Gundeo, Gunyeo, Gueri, Guri, Guelgi, Guelri, Huelgi, Goeunggu or Gundi and is written as Chucheon (鞦ôÇ) in Chinese characters.
In this game, players form a queue by holding the waist of the person in front of them and the ¡°tagger¡± or the first person in the line attempts to cut the last person in the other teams line from their team. There are generally two methods of play the first being the first being the team must cut the tail, or the tagger must cut the tail.It is also called Ggorittagi because it catches the tail. Jeju islanders call it ¡°Goose play¡± or Girugi-nori due to the fact that it looks like flock of geese. Other regions call it Dackjabgi or Dacksali, referring to the tail as a Dack (Chicken), Ooittagi or cucumber ttagi ,due to cucumber like form, or Weasel play with the weasel-like line. It is played nationwide by children through early teen years.
Flying kites is a very popular form of play in much of the world and has been popular in Korea for generations. Kites are made of bamboo ribs and paper in rectangular or ray shapes. Skillful kite flyers are able to fly the kite far away and cut the string of other kites.
Adults as well as children enjoy flying kites. Kite flying is normally done in winter along with sledding and playing with spinning tops. Traditionally, the most popular time for flying kites has been between Lunar New Year¡¯s Day and the day of the first full moon of the lunar year. When people were seen still flying kites after that time, they were made fun of by being called Gooribackjung (low class people) because they seemed more interested in playing with kites than in preparing for the year¡¯s farming.
Korean traditional kite are well known for being among the flying and aerodynamically sound kites in the world when compared with others. Kite flying in the winter also reflects wisdom in finding an outdoor activity that anyone could do during frigid and windy days of Korea¡¯s winters.
The game was played by tossing objects and determining which are face up or down. It can be played by any number of players who play on teams if there are many. It is an iconic Korean game and is played by all ages and genders. Yut is a traditional game played during the Lunar New Year celebration and on the first day of the full moon according to the lunar calendar. Yut has also been considered as a harbinger for determining if the harvest would be good or poor. Today, people enjoy the game regardless of time or date. It is also called as Chucksa (ôÞÚ) or Sahae (ÞÚýô) as written in Chinese characters.
Gaegichagi is a traditional boy¡¯s sport played as a test of skill. The game is considered to be the origin of the western game, hackysack. A Gaegi is made by covering a Yeopjeon with Hanji (Korean Traditional Paper) or silk. The cover is torn into strips that give the gaegi similar aerodynamic properties to a badminton bird. In modern times the gaegi is usually made of metal and vinyl. The game was traditionally played during winter especially in the days just before and after Lunar New Year. Like many Korean games the name differs from the regions to region. Examples are: Taegichagi or Chagichagi in Pyeongando, Jaegichagi in Jeonllado and Jjockgichagi in Jeju Island but the most usual name is Gaegichagi.
Chajeonnori is a traditional combative sport usually played on the first day of the full moon according to the lunar calendar. Chajeonnori pits two teams who put a player in a wagon with a single wheel (in the Chuncheon area) or on a dongchae (a piece of equipment for playing Chajeonnori) and fighting each other to make the other team¡¯s player fall to the ground or to break the dongchae or wagon. It was called the ¡°Wagon Fight¡± in Chuncheon and Gapyeong and ¡®Dongchae Fight¡¯ in Andong. Andong Chajeonnori has been designated as the major intangible Cultural Treasure No. 24 since 1969 is most representative of traditional Korean pasttimes.
Places for hands-on experience
|Play Research Association , Nol||http://www.nol2i.com|
|The school of experiencing Korean Traditional Play||http://www.i-i.or.kr||053-983-6519|
|The school of Korean Traditional Culture||http://www.woorii.co.kr||043-651-2866|
|Korea Kite Fliers Association||http://www.kokfa.or.kr||02-720-4114|
|Sinparam Play School||http://www.sinparam.net||080-707-7942|